USDA-ARS-FDWSRU, Ft. Detrick, MD
Mesa State College, Grand Junction, CO 81501
Colorado Department of Agriculture, Palisade 81526
Montana State University, Bozeman 59717
USDA-ARS-SBML, Beltsville, MD 20705
Acroptilon repens (L.) DC. (Russian knapweed) is a long-lived perennial weed from central Asia that is widely distributed in the western United States (U.S.). Recently, accessions of a rust disease were collected from Colorado (CO), Montana (MT), and Wyoming (WY) for comparison with Eurasian isolates. U.S. accessions had two-celled teliospores with slight constrictions in the middle and urediniospores with three germ pores ± equatorial in location. Urediniospores were (state, width × length, [n = 100]): CO, 16.4 to 25.7 × 19.2 to 27.0 μm; MT, 18.4 to 23.1 × 17.4 to 24.6 μm; and WY, 18.0 to 26.2 × 20.2 to 26.7 μm. These were similar to those of 16.6 to 25.7 × 21.2 to 28.0 μm from two New Mexican (NM) herbarium specimens (BPI Nos. 1107952 and 1110177) (1). Teliospores measured 19.9 to 27.7 × 29.8 to 47.4 μm, 17.4 to 26.0 × 32.4 to 44.2 μm, 16.5 to 27.5 × 29.4 to 45.7 μm, and 18.7 to 27.6 × 31.0 to 46.4 μm for CO, MT, WY, and NM accessions, respectively. These rust isolates have been identified as Puccinia acroptili Syd. on the basis of host plant record and spore morphology (2). To our knowledge, this is the first record of P. acroptili in CO, MT, and WY. Besides NM, P. acroptili has been reported in North America from California, British Columbia, and Saskatchewan.
References: (1) M. E. Palm and S. G. Vesper. Plant Dis. 75:1075, 1991. (2) D. B. O. Savile. Can. J. Bot. 48:1567, 1970.