Department of Plant Pathology, University of California Davis, Kearney Agriculture Center, 9240 South Riverbend Ave., Parlier 93648
Pomology Institute Naoussa (NAGREF), R. S. Naoussas 38, P.O. Box 122, P.C. 59200, Imathia, Greece
In the summer of 2005, the fungus Phomopsis amygdali (Del.) Tuset & Portilla was frequently isolated from decayed peaches (Prunus persica cv. Andross) grown in the province of Imathia, Greece. Fruit infected by P. amygdali developed gray-to-brown decay lesions with white mycelium forming on the surface of lesions. Identification of the pathogen was based on morphological characteristics. Dark-pigmented pycnidia (flask-shaped, conidia-bearing fruiting bodies) were produced over the surface of potato dextrose agar. The pycnidia exuded conidia in white tendrils 7 days later. Koch's postulates were completed in the laboratory by inoculating mature and immature cv. Andross peach fruits with an isolate of P. amygdali isolated from decayed cv. Andross peaches. Thirty peach fruit were surface sterilized by dipping them into 0.1% chlorine solution and allowing them to dry in a laminar flow hood. The peach fruit were wounded with a 2-mm diameter glass rod and a 40-μl drop of 5 × 105 conidia of P. amygdali per milliliter suspension was applied to the wound. Thirty control fruits were similarly wounded and inoculated with a 40-μl drop of sterile water. All inoculated and noninoculated fruit were incubated at 24 to 26°C for 7 days. Koch's postulates were satisfied when the same fungus was reisolated from 100% of inoculated mature and immature fruit that developed symptoms similar to diseased fruit collected from orchards. Although P. amygdali has been previously reported as a causal agent of canker disease (2) and fruit rots of peaches (1) in other countries, to our knowledge, this is the first report of the occurrence of P. amygdali causing a fruit rot of peaches in Greece.
References: (1) Y. Ko and S. Sun. Plant Pathol. Bull. 12:212, 2003. (2) E. I. Zehr, Constriction canker. Page 31 in: Compendium of Stone Fruit Diseases. J. M. Ogawa et al., eds. The American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, MN, 1995.