University of Missouri-Delta Center, Portageville 63873
University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia 65211
United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, Jackson, TN 38301
Phomopsis seed decay (PSD) caused by Phomopsis spp. can be severe when soybean seed producers in the southern United States use the early soybean production system (ESPS) to avoid late-July through early-September drought damage to soybean. The usefulness of this production system would be greater if developing seed could be protected from PSD by foliar application of fungicides or by planting Phomopsis spp.-resistant soybean lines. The objective of this research was to determine the affects of the fungicides benomyl and azoxystrobin applied to soybean, at various times, on percent Phomopsis spp. infection of seed in Asgrow 3834, a PSD-susceptible cultivar, and SS93-6012, a PSD-resistant soybean line, planted in mid-April. The percent Phomopsis spp. infection of Asgrow 3834 seed averaged over years was significantly less for the benomyl (0.28 kg a.i. ha-1) applied at R3 + R5 treatment (48.6% seed infection) than the control (52.8% seed infection) and significantly greater for the azoxystrobin (0.17 kg a.i. ha-1) applied at R3 + R5 treatment (61.6% seed infection) than the control (52.8% seed infection). This method of managing PSD will not be acceptable to soybean growers. The percent of Phomopsis spp. infection of Asgrow 3834 seed averaged over years (52.8% seed infection) was significantly greater than for line SS93-6012 (2.8% seed infection). There were no differences in percent Phomopsis spp. infection of SS93-6012 seed between the control (2.8% seed infection) and benomyl treatment (4.0% seed infection). The most effective method for PSD management was to plant a resistant soybean line. Line SS93-6012 will be useful in breeding programs focused on developing high yielding PSD-resistant cultivars.