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Characterization of Penicillium Isolates Associated with Blue Mold on Apple in Uruguay

January 2004 , Volume 88 , Number  1
Pages  23 - 28

M. J. Pianzzola , M. Moscatelli , and S. Vero , Cátedra de Microbiología. Facultad de Química, C.P. 11800, Montevideo, Uruguay

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Accepted for publication 6 August 2003.

Blue mold caused by Penicillium spp. is the most important postharvest disease of apple in Uruguay. Fourteen isolates of Penicillium were recovered from rotten apple and pear fruit with blue mold symptoms, and from water from flotation tanks in commercial apple juice facilities. Phenotypic identification to species level was performed, and the isolates were tested for sensitivity to commonly used postharvest fungicides. Genetic characterization of the isolates was performed with restriction fragment length polymorphism of the region including the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) ITS1 and ITS2 and the 5.8SrRNA gene (ITS1-5.8SrRNA gene-ITS2) ribosomal DNA region and with random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) primers. Both techniques were able to differentiate these isolates at the species level. RAPD analysis proved to be an objective, rapid, and reliable tool to identify Penicillium spp. involved in blue mold of apple. In all, 11 isolates were identified as Penicillium expansum and 3 as P. solitum. This is the first report of P. solitum as an apple pathogen in Uruguay.

Additional keywords: Penicillium identification

© 2004 The American Phytopathological Society