Graduate Research Assistant, Department of Plant Agriculture
Professor, Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada N1G 2W1
Professor, Department of Botany, University of Toronto, Mississauga, ON, Canada L5L 156
Associate Professor, Department of Plant Agriculture, University of Guelph
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Accepted for publication 15 April 2004.
Genetic interactions for disease response between cultivars of Glycine max and isolates of Scle-rotinia sclerotiorum were evaluated in controlled-environment inoculations of five soybean cultivars with four genetically unique isolates of S. sclerotiorum. The objective of this study was to identify host-pathogen interactions using isolates of the pathogen which had different geographical and crop-wise distribution as well as a different DNA-based fingerprint. To do so, 4-week-old soybean plants were inoculated with individual isolates of S. sclerotiorum using a straw inoculation method. Inoculated plants were incubated for 48 h in continuous leaf wetness and rated for disease severity 1 and 2 weeks after inoculation. Significant differences in disease severity were detected among the soybean cultivars, and NK S08-80 consistently had the lowest disease severity among the five cultivars tested. No significant differences in disease severity were observed among pathogen isolates and no significant interactions were detected between soybean cultivars and pathogen isolates. These results suggest the following interpretations: (i) either the clonal genotype of the four pathogen isolates as determined by mycelial compatibility and DNA fingerprint was not associated with level of virulence on the five soybean cultivars or (ii) the soybean cultivars themselves were not capable of revealing any differences in virulence among isolates that would be related to their genetic fingerprint or regional distribution. The results of this study are consistent with the practice of considering different isolates of S. scle-rotiorum sampled from soybean in the same geographical region as equivalent for the evaluation of soybean cultivars for resistance to Sclerotinia stem rot.
© 2004 The American Phytopathological Society