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Current Virulence of Pyrenophora teres on Barley in Western Australia

September 2001 , Volume 85 , Number  9
Pages  960 - 966

Sanjiv Gupta , State Agricultural Biotechnology Centre, Division of Science and Engineering, Murdoch University, Murdoch, Western Australia 6150, Australia ; and Robert Loughman , Plant Pathology, Agriculture Western Australia, Baron-Hay Court, South Perth, Western Australia 6151, Australia

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Accepted for publication 22 May 2001.

Studies on variation, occurrence, and distribution of virulence in Pyrenophora teres are helpful to identify effective sources of resistance that can be used for barley breeding in Western Australia. Seventy-nine isolates of Pyrenophora teres were collected from different barley fields of Western Australia in 1995-96. Seventy-four induced net type symptoms (P. teres f. teres) and five induced spot type symptoms (P. teres f. maculata). Net type isolate responses on 47 barley lines were similar to the range of responses induced by nine historical isolates collected in the region between 1975 and 1985. These net type isolates were classified into two distinct groups based on virulence to the cultivar Beecher. Isolates were further classified into eight groups based on minor pathogenic variation among the population. The virulence phenotype present in an eastern Australian isolate was not observed in any isolates collected from Western Australia. An analysis of variance on a subset of 12 net type isolates indicated a significant line × isolate interaction (P < 0.001), with the interaction term variance component four times larger than the error variance. Based on these studies, the virulence among net type isolates has remained stable in Western Australia for the last 19 years. Spot type isolates were collected from a wider geographic area than previously reported and varied in virulence based on response to barley line Herta. Variation in spot-type isolates is reported for the first time from the region. The results from this study are being used in the development of resistant varieties.

Additional keywords: barley differential set, hierarchical classification

© 2001 The American Phytopathological Society