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Occurrence of Potyviruses on Yam (Dioscorea spp.) in Colombia and First Molecular Characterization of Yam mild mosaic virus

July 2001 , Volume 85 , Number  7
Pages  803.4 - 803.4

S. Dallot , IRD, 911 av. Agropolis, 34032 Montpellier, France ; M. Guzmán , Instituto de Biotecnología, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Colombia ; and M. Bousalem , IRD, 911 av. Agropolis, 34032 Montpellier, France

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Accepted for publication 2 May 2001.

A survey to determine the prevalence of potyviruses on yams, Dioscorea alata and D. cayenensis-rotundata, was undertaken in Colombia. Two hundred fifty leaf samples showing mottling symptoms were collected on the Atlantic coast and analyzed by antigen-coated plate enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with universal potyvirus monoclonal antibodies (Agdia, Elkhart, IN). Potyviruses were detected in 70% (165/235) of the D. alata and in 66% (10/15) of the D. cayenensis-rotundata samples. The presence of Yam mild mosaic virus (YMMV) was indicated in some of these samples by immunocapture reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction performed as previously reported (1). A 600-bp fragment that included the core and C-terminal region of the coat protein gene (CP) and the 3′ untranslated region (3′UTR) was amplified from a D. alata isolate using universal potyvirus primers (1), cloned, and sequenced (EMBL Acc. AJ311725). Comparison with the two previously published YMMV sequences revealed 96.1 and 97.4% identity for the deduced amino acid sequence in the CP region, 74.1 and 83.2% nucleotide identity in the 3′UTR for Papua New Guinea (AB022424 [2]) and Martinique (AJ250336) isolates, respectively. YMMV is known to be widespread on D. alata in Africa and the South Pacific and has been recently identified in the Caribbean (1). To our knowledge, this is the first report of its occurrence in Colombia. A study of its incidence and genetic diversity in South America has been undertaken.

References: (1) M. Bousalem and S. Dallot. Plant Disease 84:200, 2000. (2) S. Fuji et al. Arch Virol. 144:1415, 1999.

© 2001 The American Phytopathological Society