University of Idaho Research & Extension Center, Kimberly 83341
Kansas State University Agricultural Research Center - Hays, Hays 67601
University of Idaho, Research & Extension Center, Kimberly
USDA/ARS, University of Nebraska, Lincoln 68583-0722
Kansas State University Agricultural Research Center - Hays, Hays
The High Plains virus (HPV), which infects corn and other cereals, was first found in 1993 in the United States. Research was initiated in 1995 to investigate the potential for seed transmission of HPV. Sweet corn seeds of various cultivars harvested in 1994 to 1996 from 13 fields and research plots in southwestern Idaho, Colorado, and Nebraska were seeded in potting mix in the greenhouse. Leaf samples collected at the three- to six-leaf stage from both symptomatic and asymptomatic plants were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Of the 46,600 seeds planted, 38,473 seedlings emerged, and three tested positive by ELISA, exhibited mosaic symptoms, and had the presence of HPV confirmed by an additional test. One of the positive plants was used for successful acquisition and transmission of HPV by the wheat curl mite to Westford barley. The other two plants were used to successfully transfer HPV to other corn plants by vascular puncture inoculation of seed. These results indicate that HPV can be seed transmitted at a very low frequency in sweet corn.