University of Maryland, Lower Eastern Shore Research and Education Center, 27664 Nanticoke Road, Salisbury 21801-1648
USDA-ARS, Department of Plant Pathology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695-7616
USDA-ARS, Ohio Agriculture Research and Development Center, Wooster 44691
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Accepted for publication 22 December 2000.
Changes in milling and baking quality (especially flour yield) of soft red winter wheat can have a large economic impact on flour mills. To determine the relationship between early-season powdery mildew and late-season leaf rust on flour yield, flour protein, alkaline water retention capacity, and kernel texture (softness equivalent), a study was conducted over 2 years at Kinston and Plymouth, NC. Different levels of powdery mildew and leaf rust developed on three winter wheat cultivars that varied in levels of disease resistance, the presence of seed treatment, and the presence and timing of foliar fungicide application. In Kinston and Plymouth in 1989-90, where leaf rust occurred early, the softness equivalent score was lower in wheat grown from seed treated with triadimenol. The following year, when the leaf rust epidemic increased later, foliar fungicide application reduced disease and resulted in lower softness equivalent scores in both Plymouth and Kinston for cv. Saluda and in Kinston for cv. Coker 983. A regression model was developed to describe the relationship between the log of the area under the disease progress curves and adjusted flour yield (AFY). The AFY of Saluda was reduced in the presence of powdery mildew such that %AFY = 103.96 - 0.92 (log AUMPC).
Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici,
The American Phytopathological Society, 2001