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A Sensitive ELISA for Pythium ultimum Using Polyclonal and Species-Specific Monoclonal Antibodies

September 1998 , Volume 82 , Number  9
Pages  1,029 - 1,032

G. Y. Yuen , Department of Plant Pathology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln 68583-0722 ; and J. Q. Xia and C. L. Sutula , Research Department, Agdia, Inc., Elkhart, IN 46514

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Accepted for publication 8 June 1998.

A double-antibody sandwich indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed for the detection and quantification of Pythium ultimum. A polyclonal antibody produced to cell walls of P. ultimum was used as the capture antibody, while a P. ultimum-specific mono-clonal antibody (MAb E5) was used for recognition of the fungus. In the ELISA, culture extracts of 7 isolates of P. ultimum exhibited strong positive reactions, whereas none of the 37 isolates of other Pythium spp. and fungal genera had positive reactions. P. ultimum was detected by ELISA in roots of bean, cabbage, and sugar beet seedlings grown in pathogen-infested soil. ELISA optical density readings for infected bean and sugar beet root samples were highly correlated (r > 0.9) with infection levels determined by culturing the samples on water agar. The correlation between the two methods of testing cabbage roots was low, but all cabbage roots in which P. ultimum was detected by culturing were strongly positive in the ELISA. Samples of roots infected with P. irregulare and those with no Pythium infection did not react in the ELISA. The ELISA was highly sensitive; the fungus was detected in culture extracts diluted 1:5,000,000 and in roots with less than 1 infection per 100 cm root.

Additional keywords: biomass measurement detection, diagnosis, identification, serology

© 1998 The American Phytopathological Society