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First Report of Butternut Canker Caused by Sirococcus clavigignenti-juglandacearum in New Brunswick, Canada

November 1998 , Volume 82 , Number  11
Pages  1,282.2 - 1,282.2

K. J. Harrison and J. E. Hurley , Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Forest Health Network, Atlantic Forestry Centre, P.O. Box 4000, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada E3B 5P7 ; and M. E. Ostry , USDA Forest Service, 1992 Folwell Ave., St. Paul, MN, 55108

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Accepted for publication 3 September 1998.

In June 1997, butternut canker was found for the first time in New Brunswick, Canada, at Stickney, Carleton County. A fungal isolate recovered from a young branch canker on butternut (Juglans cinerea L.), cultured on potato dextrose agar, produced spores and cultural morphology as previously described (1). This strain was retained as FSC-758 in the Fredericton Stock Culture Collection at the Atlantic Forestry Centre. The disease was also detected at four other locations in Carleton County along the Saint John River watershed within 20 km of the State of Maine. One stem canker examined at Peel, Carleton County, suggests the disease has been present at this site in New Brunswick for at least 7 years. The butternut tree is at the northeastern edge of its natural range in New Brunswick and, prior to the pathogen's detection, was believed to be far enough from infected butternut in the northeastern United States, Ontario, and Quebec to escape infection. Because planted specimens of butternut exist outside the tree's natural range in New Brunswick and in the neighboring provinces of Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island, efforts are underway to determine how far the fungus has spread in the Maritime Provinces.

Reference: (1) V. M. G. Nair et al. Mycologia 71:641, 1979.

© 1998 The American Phytopathological Society