Graduate Research Fellow
Professor of Plant Breeding
Supervisory Research Geneticist and Associate Professor of Plant Genetics, USDA-Agricultural Research Service, Plant Physiology and Genetics Research Unit
Associate Professor of Crop Sciences, Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana 61801
Phytophthora rot, caused by Phytophthora sojae, is a damaging disease of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) throughout the soybean-producing regions of the world. The discovery of new sources of resistance in soybean is vital in maintaining control of Phytophthora rot, because races of the pathogen have been discovered that can attack cultivars with commonly used resistance genes. The objectives of this study were to investigate the distribution and diversity of Phytophthora-resistant soybean in southern China and identify sources that confer resistance to multiple races for implementation into breeding programs. Soybean accessions obtained from southern China were evaluated for their response to races 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 10, 12, 17, 20, and 25 of P. sojae using the hypocotyl inoculation technique in the greenhouse at Urbana, Illinois in 1996 and 1997. Accessions were identified that confer resistant responses to multiple races of the pathogen. These accessions may provide sources of resistance for control of Phytophthora rot of soybean in the future. The majority of the accessions with resistance to eight or more of the ten races tested were from the provinces of Hubei, Jiangsu, and Sichuan in southern China. Based on the evaluated accessions, these provinces appear to be valuable sources of Phytophthora-resistant soybean.