Vera L. A.
Unité de Phytopathologie; Faculté Universitaire des Sciences Agronomiques, 2, Passage des Déportés; Gembloux; Belgium
Partial nucleotide sequences of amplification products obtained from four European apple stem grooving virus (ASGV) isolates using degenerate primers showed 80 to 85% similarity with the published ASGV sequence of a Japanese strain but 98 to 100% identities among themselves. Based on these sequences, two ASGV-specific primers (ASGV4F-ASGV4R) were designed to amplify a 574-bp fragment located in the putative viral RNA polymerase. With these primers, six European and five American ASGV isolates, maintained in herbaceous hosts (Chenopodium quinoa, Nicotiana glutinosa, and N. occidentalis) or in apple trees, were readily detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Using these specific ASGV primers, dsRNA preparations have been shown to constitute good templates for reliable amplification of ASGV sequences from leaves and bark tissues of apple trees, both in a two-step RT-PCR protocol and in the one-step Titan One-Tube RT-PCR. System. Furthermore, the one-step RT-PCR system allowed a specific amplification of ASGV sequences directly from clarified crude extracts of leaves and bark tissues of apple trees during both active growth and the dormant season.