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Brown Stem Rot Resistance in Soybean Germ Plasm from Central China

August 1997 , Volume 81 , Number  8
Pages  953 - 956

M. S. Bachman , Graduate Research Fellow , and C. D. Nickell , Professor of Plant Breeding, Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana 61801 ; P. A. Stephens , Pioneer Hi-Bred Int'l., LaSalle, IL 61301 ; A. D. Nickell , Asgrow Seed Co., Janesville, WI 53546

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Accepted for publication 23 April 1997.

Soybean accessions from China were screened in an attempt to identify unique sources of resistance to Phialophora gregata, the cause of brown stem rot. In 1994, over 500 accessions from the USDA Soybean Germplasm Collection, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, were evaluated in the field at Urbana, IL, for reaction to brown stem rot. The accessions originated from nine provinces in central China and ranged in maturity from groups II to IV. Disease assessment was based on incidence of foliar symptoms and severity of stem symptoms produced by infection with natural inoculum. Based on field results, 64 putatively resistant lines were selected and evaluated in the greenhouse by a root-dip inoculation method. Thirteen accessions with levels of resistance equal to those of resistant standards were identified from five provinces. These lines may have value as donors of unique sources of resistance to brown stem rot.

© 1997 The American Phytopathological Society