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Number of Tebuconazole Applications for Maximizing Disease Control and Yield of Peanut in Growers' Fields in Alabama

August 1997 , Volume 81 , Number  8
Pages  927 - 931

K. L. Bowen , Associate Professor , A. K. Hagan , Professor, Department of Plant Pathology , and J. R. Weeks , Associate Professor, Department of Entomology, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849

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Accepted for publication 2 May 1997.

Disease and yields of peanut were monitored in growers' fields treated with zero, one, two, three, and four applications of tebuconazole. Yields ranged from 1,918 to 6,891 kg/ha and averaged 4,319 kg/ha over eight locations in 3 study years. Defoliation caused by peanut leaf spots (Cercospora arachidicola and Cercosporidium acutatum) and incidence of southern stem rot (Sclerotium rolfsii) were inversely related to number of tebuconazole applications, while yield was directly related to number of tebuconazole applications. Average yields with zero, one, two, and four tebuconazole applications (each application at 0.25 kg a.i./ha) were 3,609, 4,088, 4,526, and 4,868 kg/ha, respectively. Data from each location were best modeled by quadratic equations allowing determination of numbers of tebuconazole applications for minimal disease and maximal yields. Calculated spray numbers indicate that between three and four applications of tebuconazole is best for disease control and yield maximization.

Additional keywords: Arachis hypogaea, groundnut, white mold

© 1997 The American Phytopathological Society