J. R. Thompson,
H. L. McLane,
M. Fuchs, and
K. L. Perry
First, second, third, and fifth authors: Department of Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology, 334 Plant Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853; and fourth author: Department of Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology, Cornell University, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva, NY 14456.
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Accepted for publication 29 April 2014.
Grapevine red blotch disease has been recognized since 2008 as affecting North American grape production. The presence of the newly described Grapevine red blotch-associated virus (GRBaV) is highly correlated with the disease. To more effectively detect and monitor the presence of the virus, a sample processing strategy and multiplex polymerase chain reaction assay were developed. A total of 42 of 113 vine samples collected in or received from seven of the United States were shown to harbor the virus, demonstrating the virus is widely distributed across North America. Phylogenetic analyses of a viral replication-associated protein (Rep) gene fragment from the 42 isolates of GRBaV demonstrated distinct clades of the virus (1 and 2), with clade 1 showing the greatest variability. The full-length genome of six virus isolates was sequenced, and phylogenetic analyses of 14 whole genomes recapitulated results seen for the Rep gene. A comparison of GRBaV genomes revealed evidence of recombination underlying some of the variation seen among GRBaV genomes within clade 1. Phylogenetic analyses of coat and replicase-associated protein sequences among single-stranded DNA viruses showed GRBaV to group within the family Geminiviridae. This grouping is distinct from members of the families Nanoviridae and Circoviridae, with limited significant affinities to both recognized genera and novel plant-infecting, gemini-like viruses.
© 2014 The American Phytopathological Society