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Moko Disease-Causing Strains of Ralstonia solanacearum from Brazil Extend Known Diversity in Paraphyletic Phylotype II

November 2014 , Volume 104 , Number  11
Pages  1,175 - 1,182

Greecy M. R. Albuquerque, Liliana A. Santos, Kátia C. S. Felix, Christtianno L. Rollemberg, Adriano M. F. Silva, Elineide B. Souza, Gilles Cellier, Philippe Prior, and Rosa L. R. Mariano

First, second, third, fourth, fifth, and ninth authors: Department of Agronomy, and sixth author: Department of Biology, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Av. Dom Manoel de Medeiros, s/n, Dois Irmãos, CEP 52171-900, Recife-PE, Brazil; seventh author: Anses, Plant Health Laboratory, F-97410, Saint-Pierre, La Réunion, France; and eighth author: CIRAD-INRA, UMRC53 PVBMT, F-97410, Saint-Pierre, La Réunion, France.

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Accepted for publication 6 May 2014.

The epidemic situation of Moko disease-causing strains in Latin America and Brazil is unclear. Thirty-seven Ralstonia solanacearum strains from Brazil that cause the Moko disease on banana and heliconia plants were sampled and phylogenetically typed using the endoglucanase (egl) and DNA repair (mutS) genes according to the phylotype and sequevar classification. All of the strains belonged to phylotype II and a portion of the strains was typed as the Moko disease-related sequevars IIA-6 and IIA-24. Nevertheless, two unsuspected sequevars also harbored the Moko disease-causing strains IIA-41 and IIB-25, and a new sequevar was described and named IIA-53. All of the strains were pathogenic to banana and some of the strains of sequevars IIA-6, IIA-24, and IIA-41 were also pathogenic to tomato. The Moko disease-causing strains from sequevar IIB-25 were pathogenic to potato but not to tomato. These results highlight the high diversity of strains of Moko in Brazil, reinforce the efficiency of the egl gene to reveal relationships among these strains, and contribute to a better understanding of the diversity of paraphyletic Moko disease-causing strains of the R. solanacearum species complex, where the following seven distinct genetic clusters have been described: IIA-6, IIA-24, IIA-41, IIA-53, IIB-3, IIB-4, and IIB-25.

© 2014 The American Phytopathological Society