Link to home

Induction of Antiviral Responses by Acibenzolar-S-Methyl Against Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus in Melon

September 2013 , Volume 103 , Number  9
Pages  960 - 965

Minoru Takeshita, Mitsuru Okuda, Shiori Okuda, Ayaka Hyodo, Kaori Hamano, Naruto Furuya, and Kenichi Tsuchiya

First, fourth, sixth, and seventh authors: Laboratory of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan; second author: Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Tokyo, 100-8950, Japan; third author: The United Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, 890-0065, Japan; and fifth author: Japan Tobacco INC. Leaf Tobacco Research Center, Tochigi, 323-0808, Japan.

Go to article:
Accepted for publication 16 April 2013.

Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus (CCYV) (family Closteroviridae, genus Crinivirus) is an emerging virus which causes severe diseases on melon (Cucumis melo) plants. CCYV-infected melon plants display yellowing, mottling, chlorosis, or chlorotic spots on leaves. To develop a new control strategy, the potential for 1,2,3-benzothiadiazole-7-thiocarboxylic acid-S-methyl-ester (ASM) to suppress CCYV infection was evaluated. ASM treatment on melon plants greatly increased the expression levels of pathogenesis-related 1a gene, a marker gene for systemic acquired resistance. ASM treatment on melon plants before inoculation of CCYV suppressed systemic symptoms and decreased CCYV accumulation. ASM treatment on melon even after inoculation of CCYV reduced disease severity and accumulation levels of CCYV. The results show the potential for ASM treatment on attenuation of the CCYV disease symptoms.

© 2013 The American Phytopathological Society