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Genetically Diverse Long-Lived Clonal Lineages of Phytophthora capsici from Pepper in Gansu, China

September 2013 , Volume 103 , Number  9
Pages  920 - 926

Jian Hu, Zhili Pang, Yang Bi, Jingpeng Shao, Yongzhao Diao, Jianguo Guo, Yonggang Liu, Heping Lv, Kurt Lamour, and Xili Liu

First, second, third, fourth, fifth, and tenth authors: Department of Plant Pathology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China; sixth, seventh, and eighth authors: Plant Protection Institute, Gansu Academy of Agricultural Science, Lanzhou 730070, China; and first and ninth authors: Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville 37996.

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Accepted for publication 12 March 2013.

Phytophthora capsici causes significant loss to pepper production in China, and our objective was to investigate the population structure in Gansu province. Between 2007 and 2011, 279 isolates were collected from pepper at 24 locations. Isolates (or subsets) were assessed for simple sequence repeat (SSR) genotype, metalaxyl resistance, mating type, and physiological race using cultivars from the World Vegetable Center (AVRDC) and New Mexico recombinant inbred lines (NMRILs). The A1 and A2 mating types were recovered from nine locations and metalaxyl-resistant isolates from three locations. A total of 104 isolates tested on the AVRDC panel resolved five physiological races. None of 42 isolates tested on the NMRIL panel caused visible infection. SSR genotyping of 127 isolates revealed 59 unique genotypes, with 42 present as singletons and 17 having 2 to 13 isolates. Isolates with identical genotypes were recovered from multiple sites across multiple years and, in many cases, had different race types or metalaxyl sensitivities. Isolates clustered into three groups with each group having almost exclusively the A1 or A2 mating type. Overall it appears long-lived genetically diverse clonal lineages are dispersed across Gansu, outcrossing is rare, and functionally important variation exists within a clonal framework.

© 2013 The American Phytopathological Society