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A Study of Weeds as Potential Inoculum Sources for a Tomato-Infecting Begomovirus in Central Brazil

May 2013 , Volume 103 , Number  5
Pages  436 - 444

S. S. Barreto, M. Hallwass, O. M. Aquino, and A. K. Inoue-Nagata

First author: Department of Phytopathology, University of Brasilia, CEP 70910-900, Brasilia, DF, Brazil; and second, third, and fourth authors: Embrapa Vegetables, Cx. Postal 218, CEP 70359-970, Brasilia, DF, Brazil.

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Accepted for publication 4 January 2013.

Tomato severe rugose virus (ToSRV) is the most important begomovirus species in Brazilian tomato production. Many weeds are associated with tomato, and some are hosts of begomoviruses. Only one species of weed, Nicandra physaloides, has been found to be infected with ToSRV. In this study, four weed species were investigated for their capacity to be infected by ToSRV and serve as a potential source of inoculum for tomato. Begomoviruses from naturally infected Crotalaria spp., Euphorbia heterophylla, N. physaloides, and Sida spp. were successfully transferred to tomato plants by biolistic inoculation. ToSRV was the major virus transferred to tomato. In contrast, other begomoviruses were transferred to weeds, such as Sida micrantha mosaic virus and Euphorbia yellow mosaic virus. Furthermore, a new strain of Sida micrantha mosaic virus is reported. We also confirmed that Crotalaria spp., E. heterophylla, and Sida spp. are infected with ToSRV but at low viral titers and in mixed infections with weed-infecting begomoviruses. Thus, it was demonstrated that weeds are potential sources of ToSRV for tomato in central Brazil.

Additional keywords: geminivirus.

© 2013 The American Phytopathological Society