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Association of Little cherry virus 1 (LChV1) with the Shirofugen Stunt Disease and Characterization of the Genome of a Divergent LChV1 Isolate

March 2013 , Volume 103 , Number  3
Pages  293 - 298

Thierry Candresse, Armelle Marais, Chantal Faure, and Pascal Gentit

First, second, and third authors: Equipe de Virologie, INRA and Université de Bordeaux, UMR 1332 Biologie du Fruit et Pathologie, BP81, 33883 Villenave d'Ornon cedex, France; and fourth author: Laboratoire de Virologie, Ctifl, Centre de Lanxade, 28 route des Nebouts, 24130 Prigonrieux, France.

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Accepted for publication 30 November 2012.

Double-stranded RNAs purified from the V2356 (‘Successa’) sour cherry source of the Shirofugen stunt disease (SSD) were sequenced using a 454 pyrosequencing multiplex approach. The 15,646 reads obtained were assembled into 279 contigs, 5 of which, totaling almost 16.9 kbp and 5,332 reads (34% of sample reads), showed high Blast scores and homology to Little cherry virus 1 (LChV1). The five contigs were further assembled manually into three supercontigs spanning the full LChV1 genome with only two small gaps (17 and 55 bases). Completion of the sequencing of the viral genome was performed using targeted polymerase chain reaction and primers designed from the contigs. No evidence for the presence of other viral agents in the V2356 source could be obtained in the remaining contigs or singletons. The V2356 LChV1 isolate is only ≈76% identical with the reference complete LChV1 sequences and, in particular, with the ITMAR isolate associated with the Kwanzan stunting syndrome. However, it is highly homologous (97 to 100% identity) in two short genome regions with divergent LChV1 from North America, providing the first complete sequence for such divergent isolates. Although not providing a definite proof, the failure to detect any other viral agent in the V2356 SSD source and the identification of LChV1 in a second, independent, source of the disease suggests that LChV1 isolates could be responsible for the SSD syndrome.

Additional keywords: Closteroviridae, deep sequencing, double-stranded RNA.

© 2013 The American Phytopathological Society