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Strains of Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae from Pea Are Phylogenetically and Pathogenically Diverse

July 2013 , Volume 103 , Number  7
Pages  673 - 681

Alberto Martín-Sanz, Marcelino Pérez de la Vega, Jesús Murillo, and Constantino Caminero

First and fourth authors: Instituto Tecnológico Agrario, Consejería de Agricultura y Ganadería de la Junta de Castilla y León, Ctra. Burgos, km 119, 47071 Valladolid, Spain; second author: Área de Genética, Departamento de Biología Molecular, Universidad de León, 24071 León, Spain; and third author: Departamento de Producción Agraria, ETS Ingenieros Agrónomos, Universidad Pública de Navarra, 31006 Pamplona, Spain.

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Accepted for publication 25 January 2013.

Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae causes extensive yield losses in the pea crop worldwide, although there is little information on its host specialization and its interactions with pea. A collection of 88 putative P. syringae pv. syringae strains (including 39 strains isolated from pea) was characterized by repetitive polymerase chain reaction (rep-PCR), multilocus sequence typing (MLST), and syrB amplification and evaluated for pathogenicity and virulence. rep-PCR data grouped the strains from pea into two groups (1B and 1C) together with strains from other hosts; a third group (1A) was formed exclusively with strains isolated from non-legume species. MLST data included all strains from pea in the genomospecies 1 of P. syringae pathovars defined in previous studies; they were distributed in the same three groups defined by rep-PCR. The inoculations performed in two pea cultivars showed that P. syringae pv. syringae strains from groups 1A and 1C were less virulent than strains from group 1B, suggesting a possible pathogenic specialization in this group. This study shows the existence of genetically and pathogenically distinct P. syringae pv. syringae strain groups from pea, which will be useful for the diagnostic and epidemiology of this pathogen and for disease resistance breeding.

Additional keywords: pea bacterial blight, Pisum sativum.

© 2013 The American Phytopathological Society