Laboratory of Plant Breeding, Wageningen University and Research Center (WUR), 6700 AJ Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Partial resistance is a quantitative type of resistance that, by definition of Parlevliet, is not based on hypersensitivity. It is largely pathotype nonspecific, although some minor isolate-specific responses have been reported. In order to elucidate the isolate specificity of individual genes for partial resistance, three barley recombinant inbred line mapping populations were analyzed for resistance to the leaf rust fungus Puccinia hordei. The mapping populations were inoculated with one isolate avirulent and two isolates virulent to resistance gene Rph7g. Six significant quantitative trait loci (QTLs) were detected. Of these, two (Rphq3 and Rphq11) were detected with only the avirulent isolate (1.2.1.) and one (Rphq18) only with both virulent isolates (CO-04 and 28.1). The effectiveness of these QTLs was tested with 14 isolates, using a tester set of genotypes containing alleles for resistance or susceptibility for these QTLs. QTL Rphq18 was effective to only two isolates, CO-04 and 28.1, whereas Rphq3 and Rphq11 were ineffective to CO-04 and 28.1 but effective to all other isolates, except one. This resulted in a significant Person's differential interaction, which is a hallmark of a gene–for–gene interaction. The minor gene–for–minor gene interaction is not based on hypersensitivity and there is no evidence that the resistance is based on genes belonging to the nucleotide-binding leucine-rich repeat class.