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Virulence Profile and Genetic Structure of a North Dakota Population of Pyrenophora teres f. teres, the Causal Agent of Net Form Net Blotch of Barley

May 2012 , Volume 102 , Number  5
Pages  539 - 546

Z. H. Liu, S. Zhong, A. K. Stasko, M. C. Edwards, and T. L. Friesen

First, second, and fifth authors: Department of Plant Pathology, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58105; and third, fourth, and fifth authors: Northern Crop Science Laboratory, United States Department of Agriculture–Agricultural Research Service, Fargo, ND 58102.

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Accepted for publication 30 January 2012.

A Pyrenophora teres f. teres population in North Dakota was analyzed for virulence variation and genetic diversity using 75 monospore isolates that were collected across a 4-year period (2004 to 2007) from two North Dakota State University agricultural experiment stations at Fargo and Langdon. Pathogenicity tests by inoculation onto 22 barley differential lines at seedling stage revealed 49 pathotypes, indicating a wide range of pathogenic diversity. Two-way analysis of variance of disease ratings revealed a significant difference in the virulence among isolates and in the resistance among barley lines, as well as in the interactions between the two. ‘CI5791’, ‘Algerian’, and ‘Heartland’ were three barley lines showing a high level of seedling resistance to all North Dakota isolates tested; however, many previously reported resistance genes have been overcome. Forty multilocus genotypes were identified from this set of isolates by genotyping at 13 simple-sequence repeat loci. High percentages of clonal cultures were detected in the samplings from 2005 and 2007 in Fargo and 2005 in Langdon. Using a clone-corrected sample set, the mean gene diversity (h) was estimated to be 0.58, approximately the same for both locations. The calculated Wright's FST value is small (0.11) but was significantly >0, indicating a significant differentiation between the Fargo and Langdon populations. In the gametic disequilibrium test, only 3 of 78 possible pairwise comparisons over all isolates showed significant (P < 0.05) nonrandom association, suggesting a random mating mode. Our results suggest that the populations from the two locations are derived from a common source and undergo frequent recombination. This research provides important information for barley breeders regarding development and deployment of cultivars with resistance to net form net blotch in this region.

Additional keywords:spot form, virulence diversity.

This article is in the public domain and not copyrightable. It may be freely reprinted with customary crediting of the source. The American Phytopathological Society, 2012.