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Identification and Fine-Mapping of Xa33, a Novel Gene for Resistance to Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae

February 2012 , Volume 102 , Number  2
Pages  222 - 228

P. Natraj Kumar, K. Sujatha, G. S. Laha, K. Srinivasa Rao, B. Mishra, B. C. Viraktamath, Y. Hari, C. S. Reddy, S. M. Balachandran, T. Ram, M. Sheshu Madhav, N. Shobha Rani, C. N. Neeraja, G. Ashok Reddy, H. Shaik, and R. M. Sundaram

Directorate of Rice Research, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad 500 030, India.

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Accepted for publication 18 September 2011.

Broadening of the genetic base for identification and transfer of genes for resistance to insect pests and diseases from wild relatives of rice is an important strategy in resistance breeding programs across the world. An accession of Oryza nivara, International Rice Germplasm Collection (IRGC) accession number 105710, was identified to exhibit high level and broad-spectrum resistance to Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae. In order to study the genetics of resistance and to tag and map the resistance gene or genes present in IRGC 105710, it was crossed with the bacterial blight (BB)-susceptible varieties ‘TN1’ and ‘Samba Mahsuri’ (SM) and then backcrossed to generate backcross mapping populations. Analysis of these populations and their progeny testing revealed that a single dominant gene controls resistance in IRGC 105710. The BC1F2 population derived from the cross IRGC 105710/TN1//TN1 was screened with a set of 72 polymorphic simple-sequence repeat (SSR) markers distributed across the rice genome and the resistance gene was coarse mapped on chromosome 7 between the SSR markers RM5711 and RM6728 at a genetic distance of 17.0 and 19.3 centimorgans (cM), respectively. After analysis involving 49 SSR markers located between the genomic interval spanned by RM5711 and RM6728, and BC2F2 population consisting of 2,011 individuals derived from the cross IRGC 105710/TN1//TN1, the gene was fine mapped between two SSR markers (RMWR7.1 and RMWR7.6) located at a genetic distance of 0.9 and 1.2 cM, respectively, from the gene and flanking it. The linkage distances were validated in a BC1F2 mapping population derived from the cross IRGC 105710/SM//2 × SM. The BB resistance gene present in the O. nivara accession was identified to be novel based on its unique map location on chromosome 7 and wider spectrum of BB resistance; this gene has been named Xa33. The genomic region between the two closely flanking SSR markers was in silico analyzed for putatively expressed candidate genes. In total, eight genes were identified in the region and a putative gene encoding serinethreonine kinase appears to be a candidate for the Xa33 gene.

Additional keywords: disease resistance, molecular mapping.

© 2012 The American Phytopathological Society