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Yellowing Disease in Zucchini Squash Produced by Mixed Infections of Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus and Cucumber vein yellowing virus

November 2011 , Volume 101 , Number  11
Pages  1,365 - 1,372

Francisco M. Gil-Salas, Jeff Peters, Neil Boonham, Isabel M. Cuadrado, and Dirk Janssen

First, fourth, and fifth authors: Instituto Andaluz de Investigación y Formación Agraria, Pesquera, Alimentaria y de la Producción Ecológica (IFAPA), La Mojonera, Almería, Spain; and second and third authors: Food and Environment Research Agency, Sand Hutton, York, United Kingdom.

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Accepted for publication 13 June 2011.

Zucchini squash is host to Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus (CYSDV), a member of the genus Crinivirus, and Cucumber vein yellowing virus (CVYV), a member of the genus Ipomovirus, both transmitted by the whitefly Bemisia tabaci. Field observations suggest the appearance of new symptoms observed on leaves of zucchini squash crops when both viruses were present. When infected during controlled experiments with CYSDV only, zucchini plants showed no obvious symptoms and the virus titer decreased between 15 and 45 days postinoculation (dpi), after which it was no longer detected. CVYV caused inconspicuous symptoms restricted to vein clearing on some of the apical leaves and the virus accumulated progressively between 15 and 60 dpi. Similar accumulations of virus followed single inoculations with the potyvirus Zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV) and plants showed severe stunting, leaf deformation, and mosaic yellowing. However, in mixed infections with CYSDV and CVYV, intermediate leaves showed chlorotic mottling which evolved later to rolling, brittleness, and complete yellowing of the leaf lamina, with exception of the veins. No consistent alteration of CVYV accumulation was detected but the amounts of CYSDV increased ≈100-fold and remained detectable at 60 dpi. Such synergistic effects on the titer of the crinivirus and symptom expression were not observed when co-infected with ZYMV.

Additional keyword: synergism.

© 2011 The American Phytopathological Society