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Association Study of Resistance to Soilborne wheat mosaic virus in U.S. Winter Wheat

November 2011 , Volume 101 , Number  11
Pages  1,322 - 1,329

Dadong Zhang, Guihua Bai, Robert M. Hunger, William W. Bockus, Jianming Yu, Brett F. Carver, and Gina Brown-Guedira

First, second, and fifth authors: Department of Agronomy, Kansas State University, Manhattan 66506; second author: United States Department of Agriculture–Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS) Hard Winter Wheat Genetics Research Unit, Manhattan, KS 66506; third author: Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater 74078; fourth author: Department of Plant Pathology, Kansas State University, Manhattan 66506; sixth author: Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater 14078; and seventh author: USDA-ARS Plant Science Research Unit, Raleigh, NC 27695.

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Accepted for publication 25 April 2011.

Soilborne wheat mosaic virus (SBWMV) is one of the most important winter wheat pathogens worldwide. To identify genes for resistance to the virus in U.S. winter wheat, association study was conducted using a selected panel of 205 elite experimental lines and cultivars from U.S. hard and soft winter wheat breeding programs. Virus symptoms were evaluated twice in virus-infected fields for the panel at Manhattan, KS in spring 2010 and 2011 and for a subpanel of 137 hard winter wheat accessions at Stillwater, OK in spring 2008. At the two locations, 69.8 and 79.5% of cultivars were resistant or moderately resistant to the disease, respectively. After 282 simple-sequence repeat markers covering all wheat chromosome arms were scanned for association in the panel, marker Xgwm469 on the long arm of chromosome 5D (5DL) showed a significant association with the disease rating. Three alleles (Xgwm469-165bp, -167bp, and -169bp) were associated with resistance and the null allele was associated with susceptibility. Correlations between the marker and the disease rating were highly significant (0.80 in Manhattan at P < 0.0001 and 0.63 in Stillwater at P < 0.0001). The alleles Xgwm469-165bp and Xgwm469-169bp were present mainly in the hard winter wheat group, whereas allele Xgwm469-167bp was predominant in the soft winter wheat. The 169 bp allele can be traced back to ‘Newton’, and the 165 bp allele to Aegilops tauschii. In addition, a novel locus on the short arm of chromosome 4D (4DS) was also identified to associate with the disease rating. Marker Xgwm469-5DL is closely linked to SBWMV resistance and highly polymorphic across the winter wheat accessions sampled in the study and, thus, should be useful in marker-assisted selection in U.S. winter wheat.

Additional keywords: association mapping, Triticum aestivum.

This article is in the public domain and not copyrightable. It may be freely reprinted with customary crediting of the source. The American Phytopathological Society, 2011.