Christian Barreau, and
First author: Department of Cell Biology and Neuroscience, 900 University Avenue, University of California–Riverside 92521; second, third, and fifth authors: INRA, Centre de Bordeaux, UR1264 MycSA, 71 Avenue Edouard Bourleaux, BP81, 33883 Villenave d'Ornon Cedex, France; and fourth author: CNRS, INRA, Centre de Bordeaux, UR1264 MycSA, 71 Avenue Edouard Bourleaux, BP81, 33883 Villenave d'Ornon Cedex, France.
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Accepted for publication 5 March 2011.
The impact of five phenolic acids (ferulic, coumaric, caffeic, syringic, and p-hydroxybenzoic acids) on fungal growth and type B trichothecene production by four strains of Fusarium graminearum was investigated. All five phenolic acids inhibited growth but the degree of inhibition varied between strains. Our results suggested that the more lipophilic phenolic acids are, the higher is the effect they have on growth. Toxin accumulation in phenolic acid-supplemented liquid glucose, yeast extract, and peptone cultures was enhanced in the presence of ferulic and coumaric acids but was reduced in the presence of p-hydroxybenzoic acid. This modulation was shown to correlate with a regulation of TRI5 transcription. In this study, addition of phenolic acids with greater antioxidant properties resulted in a higher toxin accumulation, indicating that the modulation of toxin accumulation may be linked to the antioxidant properties of the phenolic acids. These data suggest that, in planta, different compositions in phenolic acids of kernels from various cultivars may reflect different degrees of sensitivity to “mycotoxinogenesis.”
© 2011 The American Phytopathological Society