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Meloidogyne Virulence Locus Molecular Marker for Characterization of Selected Mi-Virulent Populations of Meloidogyne spp. Is Correlated with Several Genera of Betaproteobacteria

April 2011 , Volume 101 , Number  4
Pages  410 - 415

Laura Cortada, Hiromichi Sakai, Soledad Verdejo-Lucas, and Takayuki Mizukubo

First and third authors: IRTA, Patología Vegetal, Crta. de Cabrils Km 2, 08348 Cabrils, Barcelona, Spain; and second and fourth authors: National Agricultural Research Center, Kannondai 3-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8666, Japan.

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Accepted for publication 8 October 2010.

Resistance to root-knot nematodes in tomato is conferred by the Mi resistance gene to the three most important species of Meloidogyne: M. arenaria, M. incognita, and M. javanica. Nevertheless, the Mi gene is unable to inhibit the reproduction of selected and naturally Mi-virulent populations of root-knot nematodes. As pathogenicity assays are time consuming, molecular markers were developed for the easy identification of Mi-virulent populations of Meloidogyne. The sequence characterized amplified region-Meloidogyne virulence locus (MVC) molecular marker is reported to differentiate Mi-avirulent and naturally Mi-virulent from selected Mi-virulent populations. This marker was used to compare acquired virulence in populations of M. javanica from Spain. The original populations used to develop the MVC marker were included as control for reference. Results showed that this marker did not amplify genomic DNA extracted from single juveniles or females of any of the populations tested either from Spain or Japan. In silico analyses performed with the recently published complete genome of M. incognita, indicated that the MVC marker is not correlated to a MVC or to any eukaryotic organism but to several betaproteobacteria genus from the family Comamonadaceae.

© 2011 The American Phytopathological Society