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Mapping Quantitative Trait Loci Responsible for Resistance to Sheath Blight in Rice

September 2009 , Volume 99 , Number  9
Pages  1,078 - 1,084

G. Liu, Y. Jia, F. J. Correa-Victoria, G. A. Prado, K. M. Yeater, A. McClung, and J. C. Correll

First author: Rice Research and Extension Center, University of Arkansas, 2900 Hwy 130E, Stuttgart 72160; second and sixth authors: United States Department of Agriculture--Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS), Dale Bumpers National Rice Research Center (DB NRRC), 2890 Hwy 130E, Stuttgart, AR 72160; third and fourth authors: International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), AA6713, Cali, Colombia; fifth author: USDA-ARS-SPA, 1001 Holleman Drive East, College Station, TX 77840; and seventh author: Department of Plant Pathology, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville 72201.

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Accepted for publication 15 March 2009.

Rice sheath blight (ShB), caused by the soilborne pathogen Rhizoctonia solani, annually causes severe losses in yield and quality in many rice production areas worldwide. Jasmine 85 is an indica cultivar that has proven to have a high level of resistance to this pathogen. The objective of this study was to determine the ability of controlled environment inoculation assays to detect ShB resistance quantitative trait loci (QTLs) in a cross derived from the susceptible cv. Lemont and the resistant cv. Jasmine 85. The disease reactions of 250 F5 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) were measured on the seedlings inoculated using microchamber and mist-chamber assays under greenhouse conditions. In total, 10 ShB-QTLs were identified on chromosomes 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, and 9 using these two methods. The microchamber method identified four of five new ShB-QTLs, one on each of chromosomes 1, 3, 5, and 6. Both microchamber and mist-chamber methods identified two ShB-QTLs, qShB1 and qShB9-2. Four of the ShB-QTLs or ShB-QTL regions identified on chromosomes 2, 3, and 9 were previously reported in the literature. The major ShB-QTL qShB9-2, which cosegregated with simple sequence repeat (SSR) marker RM245 on chromosome 9, contributed to 24.3 and 27.2% of total phenotypic variation in ShB using microchamber and mistchamber assays, respectively. qShB9-2, a plant-stage-independent QTL, was also verified in nine haplotypes of 10 resistant Lemont/Jasmine 85 RILs using haplotype analysis. These results suggest that multiple ShB-QTLs are involved in ShB resistance and that microchamber and mist-chamber methods are effective for detecting plant-stage-independent QTLs. Furthermore, two SSR markers, RM215 and RM245, are robust markers and can be used in marker-assisted breeding programs to improve ShB resistance.

Additional keywords:inoculation method, Oryza sativa.

The American Phytopathological Society, 2009