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AER1, a Major Gene Conferring Resistance to Aphanomyces euteiches in Medicago truncatula

February 2009 , Volume 99 , Number  2
Pages  203 - 208

M.-L. Pilet-Nayel, J.-M. Prospéri, C. Hamon, A. Lesné, R. Lecointe, I. Le Goff, M. Hervé, G. Deniot, M. Delalande, T. Huguet, C. Jacquet, and A. Baranger

First, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, and twelfth authors: INRA, Agrocampus Ouest, Université Rennes I, UMR118, Amélioration des Plantes et Biotechnologies Végétales, Plant Genetics and Biotechnology, OUEST-genopole, Domaine de la Motte, BP35327, 35653 Le Rheu, France; second and ninth authors: INRA, UMR1097, Diversité et Adaptation des Plantes Cultivées, Domaine de Melgueil, F34130 Mauguio, France; tenth author: INP-ENSAT Laboratoire Biotechnologie et Amélioration des Plantes, Pôle de Biotechnologie Végétale, Avenue de l'Agrobiopole, BP 32607 Auzeville, 31326 Castanet-Tolosan cedex, France; and eleventh author: CNRS-Université Paul Sabatier, UMR5546 Pôle de Biotechnologie Végétale, BP42617, 31326 Castanet-Tolosan Cedex, France.

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Accepted for publication 29 September 2008.

Aphanomyces euteiches is a major soilborne oomycete pathogen that infects various legume species, including pea and alfalfa. The model legume Medicago truncatula has recently emerged as a valuable genetic system for understanding the genetic basis of resistance to A. euteiches in leguminous crops. The objective of this study was to identify genetic determinants of resistance to a broad host-range pea-infecting strain of A. euteiches in M. truncatula. Two M. truncatula segregating populations of 178 F5 recombinant inbred lines and 200 F3 families from the cross F83005.5 (susceptible) × DZA045.5 (resistant) were screened for resistance to A. euteiches. Phenotypic distributions observed suggested a dominant monogenic control of resistance. A major locus associated with resistance to A. euteiches, namely AER1, was mapped by bulk segregant analysis to a terminal end of chromosome 3 in M. truncatula and explained 88% of the phenotypic variation. AER1 was identified in a resistance-gene-rich region, where resistance gene analogs and genes associated with disease resistance phenotypes have been identified. Discovery of AER1 opens up new prospects for improving resistance to A. euteiches in cultivated legumes using a comparative genomics approach.

© 2009 The American Phytopathological Society