Luciana Cursino, and
First author: Kasetsart University, Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agriculture; second author: Kasetsart University, Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agriculture; third author: Cornell University-NYSAES, Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology; and fourth author: Cornell University-NYSAES, Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology.
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Accepted for publication 5 April 2009.
Three races of Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. glycines were identified on pustule disease resistant and susceptible soybean cultivars based on virulence phenotype. For race 3, an avrBs3 homolog, avrXg1 was identified that conferred resistance expressed as a hypersensitive response on resistant cultivar Williams 82. Mutations in two predicted functional domains of avrXg1 resulted in gained virulence on Williams 82 and an increase in bacterial population number on susceptible cultivars. Expression of avrXg1 in race 1, that is predicted to confer a nonspecific HR, led to virulence on susceptible cultivars Spencer and PI 520733. Expression of avrXg1 in race 2, that is predicted of carrying avrBs3-like genes, resulted in gained virulence and fitness of pathogen on both resistant and susceptible cultivars. The results demonstrate multifunctions for avrXg1 dependent on pathogen and plant genetic backgrounds.
Additional keywords:avirulence gene, bacterial pustule, soybean.
© 2009 The American Phytopathological Society