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Characterization of Genetic Components Involved in Durable Resistance to Stripe Rust in the Bread Wheat ‘Renan’

August 2009 , Volume 99 , Number  8
Pages  968 - 973

F. Dedryver, S. Paillard, S. Mallard, O. Robert, M. Trottet, S. Nègre, G. Verplancke, and J. Jahier

First, second, third, fifth, sixth, seventh, and eighth authors: INRA UMR 118 Amélioration des Plantes et Biotechnologies Végétales, Domaine de la Motte, BP35327, 35653 Le Rheu cedex, France; and fourth author: Bioplante, 60 rue Léon Beauchamp, 59933 La Chapelle d'Armentières, France.

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Accepted for publication 2 April 2009.

Stripe rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. tritici, is one of the most widespread and destructive wheat diseases in areas where cool temperatures prevail. The wheat cv. Renan, carrying the specific gene Yr17, has shown effective resistance for a long time, even though some pathotypes overcame the Yr17 gene. The objectives of this study were to locate and map genetic loci associated with adult-plant resistance (APR) to stripe rust in a recombinant inbred line population derived from a cross between Renan (resistant) and Récital (susceptible). Field assays were performed for 4 years (1995, 1996, 2005, and 2006) to score disease-progress data and identify APR quantitative trait loci (QTLs). Three QTLs, QYr.inra-2BS, QYr.inra-3BS, and QYr.inra-6B, with resistance alleles derived from Renan were detected in 1995 to 1996 with the 237E141 pathotype, which is avirulent against genotypes carrying Yr17. These QTLs were stable and explained a major part of the phenotypic variation seen in 2005 to 2006, when the 237E141 V17 pathotype was used. Each of these QTLs contributed ≈4 to 15% of the phenotypic variance and was effective at different adult plant stages. Interactions were observed between some markers of the Yr17 gene and three Renan QTLs: QYr.inra-2BS, QYr.inra-3BS, and QYr.inra-6B. Resistance based on the combination of different APR types should provide durable resistance to P. striiformis.

© 2009 The American Phytopathological Society