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A Predictive Model for Spotted Wilt Epidemics in Peanut Based on Local Weather Conditions and the Tomato spotted wilt virus Risk Index

October 2008 , Volume 98 , Number  10
Pages  1,066 - 1,074

R. O. Olatinwo, J. O. Paz, S. L. Brown, R. C. Kemerait, Jr., A. K. Culbreath, J. P. Beasley, Jr., and G. Hoogenboom

First, second, and seventh authors: Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of Georgia, Griffin 30223; third author: Department of Entomology, University of Georgia, Tifton 31793; fourth and fifth authors: Department of Plant Pathology, University of Georgia, Tifton 31793; and sixth author: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, University of Georgia, Tifton 31793.

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Accepted for publication 4 June 2008.

Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), a member of the genus Tospovirus (family Bunyaviridae), is an important plant virus that causes severe damage to peanut (Arachis hypogaea) in the southeastern United States. Disease severity has been extremely variable in individual fields in Georgia, due to several factors including variability in weather patterns. A TSWV risk index has been developed by the University of Georgia to aid peanut growers with the assessment and avoidance of high risk situations. This study was conducted to examine the relationship between weather parameters and spotted wilt severity in peanut, and to develop a predictive model that integrates localized weather information into the risk index. On-farm survey data collected during 1999, 2002, 2004, and 2005 growing seasons, and derived weather variables during the same years were analyzed using nonlinear and multiple regression analyses. Meteorological data were obtained from the Georgia Automated Environmental Monitoring Network. The best model explained 61% of the variation in spotted wilt severity (square root transformed) as a function of the interactions between the TSWV risk index, the average daily temperature in April (TavA), the average daily minimum temperature between March and April (TminMA), the accumulated rainfall in March (RainfallM), the accumulated rainfall in April (RainfallA), the number of rain days in April (RainDayA), evapotranspiration in April (EVTA), and the number of days from 1 January to the planting date (JulianDay). Integrating this weather-based model with the TSWV risk index may help peanut growers more effectively manage tomato spotted wilt disease.

Additional keywords:decision support system, environmental factors, integrated pest management, pests, thrips.

© 2008 The American Phytopathological Society