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Biological Control of Crown Gall of Grapevine, Rose, and Tomato by Nonpathogenic Agrobacterium vitis Strain VAR03-1

November 2008 , Volume 98 , Number  11
Pages  1,218 - 1,225

A. Kawaguchi, K. Inoue, and Y. Ichinose

First and second authors: Laboratory of Plant Pathology and Entomology, Agricultural Experiment Station, Okayama Prefectural General Agriculture Center, 1174-1 Koda-Oki, Akaiwa, Okayama 709-0801, Japan; and third author: The Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, 1-1-1 Tsushima-naka, Okayama 700-8530, Japan.

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Accepted for publication 2 July 2008.

A nonpathogenic strain of Agrobacterium vitis VAR03-1 was tested as a biological control agent for crown gall of grapevine (Vitis vinifera). When roots of grapevine, rose (Rose multiflora), and tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) were soaked in a cell suspension of antagonists before planting in soil infested with tumorigenic A. vitis, A. rhizogenes, and A. tumefaciens, respectively, treatment with VAR03-1 significantly reduced the number of plants with tumors and disease severity in the three plant species. The inhibitory effects of treatment with VAR03-1 and the nonpathogenic A. rhizogenes strain K84 on crown gall of rose and tomato were almost identical, and the inhibitory effect of VAR03-1 on grapevine was superior to that of K84. Moreover, VAR03-1 greatly controlled crown gall of grapevine due to tumorigenic A. vitis in the field. VAR03-1 established populations averaging 106 colony forming units (CFU)/g of root in the rhizosphere of grapevine and persisted on roots for 2 years. VAR03-1 was bacteriocinogenic, producing a halo of inhibition against those three species of Agrobacterium. This is the first report that a nonpathogenic strain, VAR03-1, can effectively control crown gall caused by tumorigenic A. vitis, A. rhizogenes, and A. tumefaciens.

© 2008 The American Phytopathological Society