Uma Shankar Sagaram,
Cecile J. Robertson,
William O. Dawson,
Toru Iwanami, and
First, second, third, fourth, fifth, and seventh authors: Citrus Research and Education Center, University of Florida, 700 Experiment Station Road, Lake Alfred 33850; sixth author: National Institute of Fruit Tree Science, Fujimoto 2-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8605, Japan; and seventh author: Department of Microbiology and Cell Science, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611.
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Accepted for publication 1 February 2008.
Huanglongbing (HLB) is one of the most devastating diseases of citrus worldwide, and is caused by a phloem-limited fastidious prokaryotic α-proteobacterium that is yet to be cultured. In this study, a combination of traditional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and real-time PCR targeting the putative DNA polymerase and 16S rDNA sequence of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus,’ respectively, were used to examine the distribution and movement of the HLB pathogen in the infected citrus tree. We found that ‘Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus’ was distributed in bark tissue, leaf midrib, roots, and different floral and fruit parts, but not in endosperm and embryo, of infected citrus trees. Quantification analysis of the HLB bacterium indicated that it was distributed unevenly in planta and ranged from 14 to 137,031 cells/μg of total DNA in different tissues. A relatively high concentration of ‘Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus’ was observed in fruit peduncles. Our data from greenhouse-infected plants also indicated that ‘Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus’ was transmitted systemically from infection site to different parts of the plant. Understanding the distribution and movement of the HLB bacterium inside an individual citrus tree is critical for discerning its virulence mechanism and to develop management strategies for HLB.
Additional keywords:citrus greening.
© 2008 The American Phytopathological Society