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A Culture Filtrate of Phytophthora infestans Primes Defense Reaction in Potato Cell Suspensions

June 2008 , Volume 98 , Number  6
Pages  653 - 658

F. Val, S. Desender, K. Bernard, P. Potin, G. Hamelin, and D. Andrivon

First, second, third, fifth, and sixth authors: INRA, Agrocampus Rennes, UMR1099 BiO3P (Biology of Organisms and Populations applied to Plant Protection), F-35000 Rennes, France; and fourth author: CNRS, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, UMR7139 Végétaux Marins et Biomolécules, F-29680 Roscoff, France.

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Accepted for publication 3 January 2008.

Priming of defense reactions by an elicitor results in an enhanced ability of the plant to respond to subsequent pathogen challenges. We previously showed that application of lipopolysaccharides (LPS) to potato cell suspensions causes apoplastic acidification, but does not stimulate lipoxygenase (LOX) activity. Here, we tested the ability of various elicitors to prime and elicit defense reactions in potato cell suspensions. Adding 20 μg ml--1 LPS, laminarin, harpin N, or a concentrated culture filtrate (CCF) of Phytophthora infestans to cell cultures 18 h before a second elicitation with LPS did not alter the intensity of apoplastic acidification compared with a single LPS application. Conversely, high concentrations (200 or 400 μg ml--1) of LPS, laminarin, and harpin N activated LOX in cells pretreated with 1 μg ml--1 CCF, but not in cells pretreated with LPS, laminarin, or harpin N. LOX response was maximal in pretreated cells of potato cv. Bintje when the second elicitation occurred 18 to 24 h after CCF application. These results showed that LOX activation is primed in potato cells by CCF, but not by LPS, harpin N, or laminarin. Finally, bioassays showed a slightly greater reduction of rot weight in half tubers treated with CCF followed by LPS before inoculation with Pectobacterium atrosepticum than in half tubers treated with either preparation alone, indicating a priming effect of CCF on both LOX induction and disease suppression.

Additional keywords:Solanum tuberosum.

© 2008 The American Phytopathological Society