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Selection for Pathogenicity to Strawberry in Populations of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides from Native Plants

September 2007 , Volume 97 , Number  9
Pages  1,130 - 1,140

S. J. MacKenzie, T. E. Seijo, D. E. Legard, L. W. Timmer, and N. A. Peres

First, second, third, and fifth authors: University of Florida, Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, Wimauma 33598, fourth author: University of Florida, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred 33850.

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Accepted for publication 6 April 2007.

Colletotrichum gloeosporioides causes a serious crown rot of strawberry and some isolates from native plants are pathogenic to strawberry. C. gloeosporioides from lesions on wild grape and oak were sampled at two sites adjacent to commercial strawberry fields in Florida and two distant sites. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) marker data and restriction enzyme digests of amplified rDNA were used to determine whether isolates were from the same C. gloeosporioides subgroup that infects strawberry. There were 17 to 24 native host isolates from each site that clustered with a group of strawberry crown isolates based on RAPD markers. Among strawberry isolates, there were two rDNA genotypes identified by restriction enzyme analysis. Both genotypes were present among native host isolates sampled from all four sites. There was some evidence that the different rDNA genotypes differentiated two closely related subpopulations, although the proportion of pathogenic isolates from native hosts among the two different genotypes was not different. The incidence of isolates pathogenic to strawberry was greater at sites close to strawberry fields relative to sites distant from strawberry fields for isolates with a BstUI(−)/MspI(+) rDNA genotype (44 versus 13%), a BstUI(+)/MspI(−) genotype (57 versus 16%), or when both genotypes were analyzed together (46 versus 15%). Based on these results, it appears that the C. gloeosporioides subgroup that causes crown rot on strawberry is widely distributed in Florida and that selection for pathogenicity on strawberry occurs in the area where this host is grown in abundance.

Additional keywords: evolution, Glomerella cingulata.

© 2007 The American Phytopathological Society