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Anisotropy, in Density and in Distance, of the Dispersal of Yellow Rust of Wheat: Experiments in Large Field Plots and Estimation

October 2007 , Volume 97 , Number  10
Pages  1,315 - 1,324

S. Soubeyrand, J. Enjalbert, A. Sanchez, and I. Sache

First, second, third, and fourth authors: UMR207 Epidémiologie Végétale INRA-INA-PG, BP 01, 78850 Thiverval-Grignon, France; and first author: UR546 Biométrie, INRA, Domaine Saint-Paul Site AgroParc, 84914 Avignon Cedex 9, France.

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Accepted for publication 9 April 2007.

Long-distance dispersal of spores generally presents anisotropy. This anisotropy can appear in the mean number of spores deposited along a given direction (anisotropy in density) and in the mean distance that a spore travels in a given direction (anisotropy in distance). Specific experiments together with a statistical methodology are proposed to study this effect. The experiments are based on the use of a point source of a traceable inoculum and susceptible trap plots in large resistant field plots. The anisotropy is characterized by two functions: a directional density function and a mean distance function which are related with the anisotropies in density and distance, respectively. A nonparametric approach is developed to estimate these functions and to help in choosing a parametric model. Then, the parametric model is estimated. In two field experiments, migrations up to 175 and 225 m from the source were detected, with ≈25% of the trap plots infected. Whatever the experiment, the two estimated anisotropies presented different shapes (i.e., the number of spores dispersed in a given direction was not proportional to the mean distance travelled by these spores).

Additional keywords:Von Mises function.

© 2007 The American Phytopathological Society