Drake C. Stenger,
Brock A. Young,
T. Jack Morris, and
First, second, and fifth authors: U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS), and Department of Plant Pathology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln 68583; and third and fourth authors: School of Biological Sciences, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68588.
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Accepted for publication 25 April 2007.
The tritimovirus Wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV) and the machlomovirus Maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV) each cause systemic chlorosis in infected maize plants. Infection of maize with both viruses produces corn lethal necrosis disease (CLND). Here, we report that complete deletion of the WSMV helper component-proteinase (HC-Pro) coding region had no effect on induction of CLND symptoms following coinoculation of maize with WSMV and MCMV. We further demonstrated that elevation of virus titers in double infections, relative to single infections, also was independent of WSMV HC-Pro. Thus, unlike potyvirus HC-Pro, WSMV HC-Pro was dispensable for disease synergism. Because disease synergism involving potyviruses requires HC-Pro-mediated suppression of posttranscriptional gene silencing (PTGS), we hypothesized that WSMV HC-Pro may not be a suppressor of PTGS. Indeed, WSMV HC-Pro did not suppress PTGS of a green fluorescent protein (GFP) transgene in an Agrobacterium-mediated coinfiltration assay in which potyvirus HC-Pro acted as a strong suppressor. Furthermore, coinfiltration with potyvirus HC-Pro, but not WSMV HC-Pro, resulted in elevated levels of the GFP target mRNA under conditions which trigger PTGS. Collectively, these results revealed significant differences in HC-Pro function among divergent genera of the family Potyviridae and suggest that the tritimovirus WSMV utilizes a gene other than HC-Pro to suppress PTGS and mediate synergistic interactions with unrelated viruses.
© 2007 The American Phytopathological Society