Tomohide Natsuaki, and
First and sixth authors: The 21st Century Center of Excellence Program, Iwate University, Morioka, 020-8550, Japan; second, third, fourth, and sixth authors: Faculty of Agriculture, Iwate University, Morioka, 020-8550, Japan; and fifth author: Faculty of Agriculture, Utsunomiya University, Utsunomiya, 321-8505, Japan.
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Accepted for publication 23 April 2007.
Apple latent spherical virus (ALSV) expressing yellow and cyan fluorescent proteins (ALSV-YFP and ALSV-CFP) was used to investigate the distribution of identical virus populations in coinfected plants. In Chenopodium quinoa plants inoculated with a mixture of ALSV-YFP and ALSV-CFP, fluorescence from YFP and CFP was always distributed separately in both inoculated and upper uninoculated leaves. Inoculation of each ALSV-YFP and ALSV-CFP to different leaves of a C. quinoa plant resulted in the separate distribution of each virus population among different upper leaves. When C. quinoa leaves were first inoculated with ALSV-CFP and then ALSV-YFP was reinoculated into the same leaves at various times after the first inoculation, ALSV-YFP infected only tissues where ALSV-CFP infection had not been established. The spatial separation was also found in Nicotiana benthamiana leaves coinoculated with Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV)-YFP and BYMV-CFP. In contrast, both YFP and CFP fluorescence signals were observed in the same tissues of N. benthamiana leaves mixed infected with ALSV-YFP and BYMV-CFP. YFP fluorescence from ALSV-YFP in mixed-infected leaves was brighter and longer than in leaves infected with ALSV-YFP singly.
© 2007 The American Phytopathological Society