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Diversity of Ralstonia solanacearum Infecting Eggplant in the Philippines

November 2007 , Volume 97 , Number  11
Pages  1,467 - 1,475

Melanie L. Lewis Ivey, Brian B. McSpadden Gardener, Nenita Opina, and Sally A. Miller

First, second, and fourth authors: Department of Plant Pathology, The Ohio State University, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, Wooster 44691; and third author: Institute of Plant Breeding, University of the Philippines Los Baños, College, Laguna 4031, Philippines.

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Accepted for publication 4 June 2007.

The diversity of Ralstonia solanacearum strains isolated from eggplant (Solanum melongena) grown in five provinces of the Philippine island group of Luzon was assessed using a recently described hierarchical system. All strains keyed to race 1, biovar 3 or 4. Phylotype-specific multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) indicated that, like most other strains of Asian origin, all the strains in our Philippine collection belong to phylotype I. Taxometric and phylogenetic analyses of partial endoglucanase gene sequences of strains from this collection and those previously deposited into GenBank revealed at least four subgroups among the otherwise monophyletic phylotype I strains. Nucleotide polymorphisms within each subgroup were infrequent and, among the subgroups identified in this study, variation was always <1.3%, indicating that the large majority of strains could be assigned to a single sequevar. Genomic DNA fingerprinting using enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC)-PCR revealed additional fine-scale genetic variation that was consistent with the endogluconase sequence data. Whole-pattern and band-based analyses of the genomic fingerprint data revealed four and eight distinct genotypes, respectively, within our collection. Eggplant from infested fields in different provinces tended to harbor mixed populations of ERIC genotypes, with the predominant genotype varying by location.

© 2007 The American Phytopathological Society