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Proteinaceous Metabolites from Pyrenophora teres Contribute to Symptom Development of Barley Net Blotch

August 2007 , Volume 97 , Number  8
Pages  907 - 915

Abolfazl Sarpeleh , Hugh Wallwork , David E. A. Catcheside , Max E. Tate , and Amanda J. Able

First, fourth, and fifth authors: School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, The University of Adelaide, Waite Campus, PMB1, Glen Osmond, SA, 5064, Australia; second author: South Australian Research and Development Institute, PO Box 397, Urrbrae, SA, 5064, Australia; and third author: School of Biological Sciences, Flinders University, PO Box 2100, Adelaide, SA, 5001, Australia.

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Accepted for publication 28 January 2007.

Pyrenophora teres, the causal agent of net blotch of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), induces a combination of necrosis and extensive chlorosis in susceptible barley cultivars. Cell-free filtrates from both net and spot forms of P. teres; P. teres f. sp. teres, and P. teres f. sp. maculata were found to contain phytotoxic low molecular weight compounds (LMWCs) and proteinaceous metabolites which appear to be responsible for different components of the symptoms induced by the two forms of the pathogen in a susceptible cultivar of barley (cv. Sloop). Proteins induced only brown necrotic spots or lesions similar to those induced by the pathogens 72 h after inoculation. In contrast, LMWCs induced general chlorosis seen 240 h after inoculation but not the localized necrosis. Neither hydrolyzed or heat- or protease-treated proteinaceous metabolites induced the symptoms. This is the first report of the involvement of proteins produced by P. teres in symptom development during net blotch disease of barley.

Additional keywords: phytotoxins, symptom induction.

© 2007 The American Phytopathological Society