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Prunus necrotic ringspot virus Early Invasion and Its Effects on Apricot Pollen Grain Performance

August 2007 , Volume 97 , Number  8
Pages  892 - 899

Khalid Amari , Lorenzo Burgos , Vicente Pallas , and María Amelia Sanchez-Pina

Dpto. de Biologia del Estrés y Patologia Vegetal, CEBAS-CSIC, Campus Universitario de Espinardo, P.O. Box 164, 30010 Espinardo-Murcia, Spain.

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Accepted for publication 16 January 2007.

The route of infection and the pattern of distribution of Prunus necrotic ringspot virus (PNRSV) in apricot pollen were studied. PNRSV was detected both within and on the surface of infected pollen grains. The virus invaded pollen during its early developmental stages, being detected in pollen mother cells. It was distributed uniformly within the cytoplasm of uni- and bicellular pollen grains and infected the generative cell. In mature pollen grains, characterized by their triangular shape, the virus was located mainly at the apertures, suggesting that PNRSV distribution follows the same pattern as the cellular components required for pollen tube germination and cell wall tube synthesis. PNRSV also was localized inside pollen tubes, especially in the growth zone. In vitro experiments demonstrated that infection with PNRSV decreases the germination percentage of pollen grains by more than half and delays the growth of pollen tubes by ≈24 h. However, although PNRSV infection affected apricot pollen grain performance during germination, the presence of the virus did not completely prevent fertilization, because the infected apricot pollen tubes, once germinated, were able to reach the apricot embryo sacs, which, in the climatic conditions of southeastern Spain, mature later than in other climates. Thus, infected pollen still could play an important role in the vertical transmission of PNRSV in apricot.

Additional keywords: in situ hybridization, pollen, seed transmission.

© 2007 The American Phytopathological Society