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Survival Dynamics of Aphanomyces cochlioides Oospores Exposed to Heat Stress

April 2007 , Volume 97 , Number  4
Pages  484 - 491

A. T. Dyer , C. E. Windels , R. D. Cook , and K. J. Leonard

First author: Montana State University, Department of Plant Sciences and Plant Pathology, Bozeman 59717; second author: University of Minnesota, Northwest Research and Outreach Center, Crookston 56716; third author: University of Minnesota, School of Statistics, St. Paul 55108; and fourth author, University of Minnesota, Department of Plant Pathology, St. Paul

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Accepted for publication 10 October 2006.

To determine how exposure to heat effects their survival, oospores of Aphanomyces cochlioides isolate C22 were exposed in water to 35, 40, 45, or 50°C for prescribed times and then examined for viability. The Weibull model was modified to represent the effects of temperature on survival of oospores. The final fitted model gave lethal doses for 50% of the oospores of 251, 49.8, 9.8, and 1.9 h at 35, 40, 45, and 50°C, respectively. To determine if alternating high and low temperatures resulted in (i) recovery from heat damage during low temperature periods, (ii) increased susceptibility to heat damage, or (iii) if effects of heat damage were cumulative, oospores were examined after each of four 24-h cycles at 45°C for 4 h and 21°C for 20 h. Survival of oospores exposed to alternating high and low temperatures fit the cumulative effects model. Significant variability in heat tolerance among five isolates was observed (P< 0.001) but model parameters successfully accommodated this variability (R2 = 0.96, P < 0.001). This research shows that under wet conditions, there are predictable patterns to mortality for A. cochlioides oospores exposed to continuous or fluctuating high temperatures.

Additional keywords: generalized nonlinear model, inoculum, root pathogen, survival model, thermal instability, Weibull model.

© 2007 The American Phytopathological Society