First author: Department of Plant Pathology, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824; second author: Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville 37996; third author: Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville 37996; and fourth author: Department of Plant Pathology, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824
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Accepted for publication 29 September 2006.
Phytophthora capsici infects cucurbitaceous and solanaceous crops worldwide. In free water, P. capsici sporangia release zoospores that may be disseminated by moving surface water. Surface irrigation sources (river system, ponds, and ditches) in three Michigan counties with a history of P. capsici-susceptible crop production were monitored for the pathogen during four growing seasons (2002 to 2005). Pear and cucumber baits were suspended in water at monitoring sites for 3- to 7-day intervals and water temperature was recorded. Baits were washed and lesions were excised and cultured on water agar amended with rifampicin and ampicillin. P. capsici was detected at monitoring sites in multiple years, even when non-host crops were planted nearby. Recovered isolates (N = 270) were screened for sensitivity to the fungicide mefenoxam and characterized for mating type (MT). P. capsici isolates resistant to mefenoxam were common in water sources from southwest and southeast Michigan. Most monitoring sites yielded isolates of a 1:1 ratio of A1:A2 MTs. Amplified fragment length polymorphism analysis of select isolates from 2002 to 2004 indicated a lack of similarity groups persisting over time and in specific geographical locations. Data suggest that P. capsici did not overwinter in any of the surface water sources monitored. Water temperatures were correlated to positive P. capsici detection from all monitoring sites. The frequent detection of P. capsici in surface water used for irrigation in the primary vegetable growing regions in Michigan suggests that this is an important means of pathogen dissemination.
crown and root rot,
© 2007 The American Phytopathological Society