Link to home

Factors Affecting Pseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi Plant Inoculations and Their Use for Evaluation of Olive Cultivar Susceptibility

March 2006 , Volume 96 , Number  3
Pages  313 - 319

R. Penyalver , A. García , A. Ferrer , E. Bertolini , J. M. Quesada , C. I. Salcedo , J. Piquer , J. Pérez-Panadés , E. A. Carbonell , C. del Río , J. M. Caballero , and M. M. López

First, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, and twelfth authors: Departamento de Protección Vegetal y Biotecnología, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias (IVIA), Apartado Oficial, 46113 Moncada, Valencia, Spain; eighth and ninth authors: Unidad de Biometría, IVIA, Apartado Oficial, 46113 Moncada, Valencia, Spain; and tenth and eleventh authors: área de Mejora y Biotecnología, Centro de Investigación y Formación Agraria (CIFA) “Alameda del Obispo” (IFAPA), Apartado 3092, 14008 Córdoba, Spain

Go to article:
Accepted for publication 23 November 2005.

Pseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi causes olive knot disease, which is present in most countries where olive trees are grown. Although the use of cultivars with low susceptibility may be one of the most appropriate methods of disease control, little information is available from inoculation assays, and cultivar susceptibility assessments have been limited to few cultivars. We have evaluated the effects of pathogen virulence, plant age, the dose/response relationship, and the induction of secondary tumors in olive inoculation assays. Most P. savastanoi pv. savastanoi strains evaluated were highly virulent to olive plants, but interactions between cultivars and strains were found. The severity of the disease in a given cultivar was strongly dependent of the pathogen dose applied at the wound sites. Secondary tumors developed in noninoculated wounds following inoculation at another position on the stem, suggesting the migration of the pathogen within olive plants. Proportion and weight of primary knots and the presence of secondary knots were evaluated in 29 olive cultivars inoculated with two pathogen strains at two inoculum doses, allowing us to rate most of the cultivars as having either high, medium, or low susceptibility to olive knot disease. None of the cultivars were immune to the disease.

Additional keywords: Olea europaea, olive germplasm bank, resistance.

© 2006 The American Phytopathological Society