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Stock-Type Susceptibility and Delineation of Treatment Areas for a Cryptic Pinus radiata Root Disease

June 2006 , Volume 96 , Number  6
Pages  630 - 636

I. A. Hood , M. O. Kimberley , and J. F. Gardner

New Zealand Forest Research Institute, Private Bag 3020, Rotorua, New Zealand

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Accepted for publication 31 January 2006.

Planting material with superior resistance to Armillaria root disease was identified in a field trial established to investigate variation in Armillaria infection among different Pinus radiata nursery stock types. At stand age 6.4 years, total infection incidence, mortality, and degree of root collar girdling by Armillaria spp. were all significantly lower among trees derived from both rooted stool bed cuttings (physiological age 1 to 3 years) and rooted field cuttings (physiological age 3 to 6 years) than among those grown from seedlings. Cutting types did not differ significantly from one another. No significant differences were found between stock types in stem diameter, but trees from stool bed cuttings were significantly taller than seedling trees. Whether these differences remain detectable later in the rotation, initial results suggest that it may be advantageous to plant robust stock, of either cuttings or seedlings, on Armillaria-infested sites. The incidence of infection in living, green-crowned trees was unevenly distributed across the trial site, and was greater nearer to trees killed by Armillaria spp. than further away (significant within a radius of 10 m). By mapping visible Armillaria-caused mortality prior to thinning, it may be possible to delineate areas with a higher incidence of concealed chronic infection, thus defining infested sites for postharvest treatment.

© 2006 The American Phytopathological Society