First, second, third, fourth, and seventh authors: Istituto di Virologia Vegetale, CNR, Strada delle Cacce 73, 10135 Torino; and fifth and sixth authors: Istituto Regionale per la Floricoltura di Sanremo, Via Carducci 12, Sanremo
Go to article:
Accepted for publication 3 February 2006.
Four different viral species were isolated from diseased Ranunculus asiaticus plants growing in Imperia Province (Italian Riviera-Liguria Region). Infected plants exhibited mosaic symptoms and growth abnormalities. The viruses were mechanically inoculated to a range of herbaceous hosts and differentiated biologically. Long flexuous particles were present in leaf dip extracts observed by electron microscopy. A general protocol for the amplification of potyvirus genome fragments through reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction generated products that were cloned and sequenced. Sequence and phylogenetic analysis suggested that three of these isolates could be considered new viral species belonging to the genus Potyvirus. The fourth isolate is a new member of the genus Macluravirus. Purified virus was used as antigen to produce a specific polyclonal antiserum in rabbit; serological features were established through double-antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (DAS-ELISA), antigen coated plate (ACP)-ELISA, and western blot analysis. DAS-ELISA was highly specific for each virus isolate, whereas some cross-reactivity was shown in ACP-ELISA and western blot analysis. Aphid transmission by Myzus persicae was demonstrated in a controlled environment for each of the four viral isolates, whereas no transmission through seed was observed.
© 2006 The American Phytopathological Society