Sidney Laboratory, Canadian Food Inspection Agency, 8801 East Saanich Road, Sidney, B.C., Canada, V8L 1H3
Peach mosaic virus (PcMV) and Cherry mottle leaf virus (CMLV) are serologically related viruses that cause distinct diseases, have a different host range, and are vectored by different eriophyid mites. Sequence analysis of the genome of PcMV indicates that it is closely related genetically to CMLV but distinct, with similar genome organization and a member of the genus Trichovirus. The genome of PcMV consists of 7,988 nucleotides, excluding a poly(A) tail at the 3′ end of the genome. Four putative open reading frames (ORF1 to 4) were identified coding for proteins of 216.3, 47.2, 21.7, and 15.7 kDa, respectively. Also, three noncoding regions were identified, including an intergenic region separating ORF3 and ORF4. The complete nucleotide sequence of PcMV shares 73% identity with CMLV. The CP amino acid sequence identity between isolates of PcMV ranged from 97 to 99% versus 83% identity when compared with the CP of CMLV. In vitro expression and subsequent western blot analysis confirmed ORF3 as encoding the CP gene of PcMV. Phylogenetic analysis supports classification of PcMV and CMLV as members of the genus Trichovirus. They are unique members of this genus with an extra ORF (ORF4). PcMV ORF4 appears to code for a putative nucleic acid-binding (NB) protein which has identity with the NB protein of CMLV and members of the genera Allexivirus, Carlavirus, and Vitivirus. PcMV and CMLV appear to be the products of recombination between members of the genus Trichovirus and a virus group containing the putative NB protein. Alternatively, PcMV and CMLV may represent the intact genome, with a deletion event producing members that lack ORF4. A reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction procedure was developed for reliable and specific detection of PcMV. This will be an asset for stone fruit virus certification.